Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Robert C. Musselman; Gene L. Wooldridge; Douglas G. Fox; Bernadette H. Connell
    Date: 1990
    Source: In: Schmidt, Wyman C.; McDonald, Kathy J., comps. Proceedings - Symposium on whitebark pine ecosystems: Ecology and management of a high-mountain resource; 1989 March 29-31; Bozeman, MT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-270. Ogden, Utah: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. p. 80-84.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Intermountain Forest Experiment Station
    PDF: View PDF  (567.27 KB)

    Description

    The Glacier Lakes Ecosystem Experiments Site (GLEES) is a high-elevation ecosystem in the Snowy Range west of Laramie, WY, that is perceived to be highly sensitive to changes in chemical and physical climate. Deposition of atmospheric chemicals to this ecosystem is, in part, governed by the wind pattern. The GLEES has numerous wind-swept areas where the coniferous vegetation growth pattern is characteristically wind deformed or krummholz. Studies conducted in 1988 determined direction and degree of wind deformation of Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii) and subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) trees. Where both species occurred together, their wind deformation was similar. Limber pine (Pinus tlexilis) occurred as scattered, isolated individuals on exposed ridges with extensive deformation, but because of its sparse occurrence was not useful in determining windspeed and direction in the GLEES. Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir tree deformation patterns were used to determine wind fields, which were compared with measured meteorological data at GLEES.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to rmrspubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Musselman, Robert C.; Wooldridge, Gene L.; Fox, Douglas G.; Connell, Bernadette H. 1990. Using wind-deformed conifers to measure wind patterns in alpine transition at GLEES. In: Schmidt, Wyman C.; McDonald, Kathy J., comps. Proceedings - Symposium on whitebark pine ecosystems: Ecology and management of a high-mountain resource; 1989 March 29-31; Bozeman, MT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-GTR-270. Ogden, Utah: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. p. 80-84.

    Keywords

    Glacier Lakes Ecosystem Experiments Site (GLEES), high-elevation ecosystem, Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii), subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa) trees

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/48374