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    Author(s): Philip M. McDonald
    Date: 1992
    Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 22(6): 832-838
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (576.08 KB)


    Cone, acorn, and berry crops of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws. var. ponderosa), sugar pine (Pinus lambertiana Dougl.), Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco), California white fir (Abies concolor var. lowiana (Gord.) Lemm.), incense-cedar (Libocedrus decurrens Torr.), California black oak (Quercus kelloggii Newb.), tan oak (Lithocarpus densiflorus (Hook. & Arn.) Rehd.), and Pacific madrone (Arbutus menziesii Pursh) were evaluated over a 24-year period (1958-1981) from an area in northern California by an easy to use visual crop rating system. Seed-trap data, also for 24 years, were gathered for four conifer species. Together, these data provide the wild-land manager with knowledge on seed-crop quantity, quality, and timing. The visual rating system involves visually estimating the amount of fruit in trees and the proportion of trees with fruit, and ranking the crop by species. Regressions of sound seed and total seed on seed-crop rating are provided for the two species with the most seed crops: ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir. Regressions were significant at the 1% level, and coefficients of determination ranged from 0.58 to 0.76.

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    McDonald, P.M. 1992. Estimating seed crops of conifer and hardwood species. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 22(6): 832-838.

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