Skip to Main Content
Characterization of fast pyrolysis products generated from several western USA woody speciesAuthor(s): Jacqueline M. Jarvis; Deborah S. Page-Dumroese; Nathaniel M. Anderson; Yuri Corilo; Ryan P. Rodgers
Source: Energy Fuels. 28(10): 6438-6446.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
Download Publication (3.0 MB)
DescriptionWoody biomass has the potential to be utilized at an alternative fuel source through its pyrolytic conversion. Here, fast pyrolysis bio-oils derived from several western USA woody species are characterized by negative-ion electrospray ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (ESI FT-ICR MS) to determine molecular-level composition. The composition and properties (pH, electrical conductivity, and elemental analyses) of the biochar byproduct were also determined. The bio-oils are comprised mainly of Ox species. Oak (Quercus garryana Douglas ex Hook), mixed conifer (Pseudotsuga menziesii Mirb. Franco, Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg, Abies concolor (Gord. & Glend.) Lindl. ex Hildebr.), and scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link) bio-oils contain lower Ox (O1-O7) species that exhibit bimodal distributions whereas mixed conifer feedstock from a fire salvage harvest contains a larger range of Ox species (O2-O13) that exhibit a mainly monomodal distribution. Boron-containing species in the pyrolysis oils were also identified for the first time by FT-ICR MS. Biochar analysis revealed that all biochars had similar pH values (~7-8); however, the electrical conductivity and elemental analyses varied across the samples. Understanding the composition of pyrolysis byproducts will help direct their uses to the most appropriate locations.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationJarvis, Jacqueline M.; Page-Dumroese, Deborah S.; Anderson, Nathaniel M.; Corilo, Yuri; Rodgers, Ryan P. 2014. Characterization of fast pyrolysis products generated from several western USA woody species. Energy Fuels. 28(10): 6438-6446.
Keywordswoody biomass, fast pyrolysis, bio-oils
- Quercus garryana communities in the Puget Trough, Washington.
- Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius) modifies microenvironment to promote nonnative plant communities
- The Scotch Broom gall mite: Accidental introduction to classical biological control agent?
XML: View XML