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Influence of xylem ray integrity and degree of polymerization on bending strength of beech wood decayed by Pleurotus ostreatus and Trametes versicolor

Author(s):

Ehsan Bari
Reza Oladi
Olaf Schmidt
Darrel D. Nicholas
Mehrdad Ghodskhah Daryaei
Maryam Karim

Year:

2015

Publication type:

Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Primary Station(s):

Forest Products Laboratory

Source:

International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation

Description

The scope of this research was to evaluate the influence of xylem ray (XR) and degree of polymerization (DP) of holocellulose in Oriental beech wood (Fagus orientalis Lipsky.) on impact bending strength against two white-rot fungi. Beech wood specimens, exposed to Pleurotus ostreatus and Trametes versicolor, were evaluated for impact bending strength at 15-day intervals for 120 days. Microscopic evaluations at each time interval indicated that both fungi degraded marginal ray parenchyma at early stages of decomposition causing a drastic loss in impact bending strength. However, the two fungi differed in their ability to reduce DP; DP and xylem ray integrity (without precedence) were the most important factors in mechanical stability of beech wood.

Citation

Bari, Ehsan; Oladi, Reza; Schmidt, Olaf; Clausen, Carol A.; Ohno, Katie; Nicholas, Darrel D.; Daryaei, Mehrdad Ghodskhah; Karim, Maryam. 2015. Influence of xylem ray integrity and degree of polymerization on bending strength of beech wood decayed by Pleurotus ostreatus and Trametes versicolor. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. 104: 299-306.

Cited

Publication Notes

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/48686