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    Author(s): Cassandra L. Kollenberg; Kevin L. O'Hara
    Date: 1999
    Source: Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 29(6): 687-695.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (324.86 KB)


    Age structure and distribution of leaf area index (LAI) of even and multiaged lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm.) stands were examined on three study areas in western and central Montana. Projected leaf area was determined based on a relationship with sapwood cross-sectional area at breast height. Stand structure and LAI varied considerably between individual plots. LAI and stand stem volume increment were significantly higher in multiaged than even-aged stands with the exception of one study area, which had higher volume increment in even-aged stands. Older cohorts and higher canopy strata generally had greater LAI than younger cohorts and lower strata. Ratios of stem volume increment to leaf area were used to assess stand, cohort, and individual tree vigor or growing space efficiency (GSE). Even-aged stands had significantly higher GSEs in individual study areas and overall than multiaged stands. Cohort GSE generally increased with increasing age of the cohort. Stand increment was weakly associated with stand LAI. Individual tree volume increment was strongly related to projected leaf area when stands were divided by age-classes or canopy strata. These results suggest separating these stands into components, such as age classes or canopy strata, and summing predicted increment for each component may provide more accurate prediction of stand increment than using whole-stand LAI.

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    Kollenberg, Cassandra L.; O'Hara, Kevin L. 1999. Leaf area and tree increment dynamics of even-aged and multiaged lodgepole pine stands in Montana. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 29(6): 687-695.


    age structure, leaf area index (LAI), lodgepole pine, Pinus contorta

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