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Evidence of tree species’ range shifts in a complex landscapeAuthor(s): Vicente J. Monleon; Heather E. Lintz; Sylvain Delzon
Source: PLOS ONE. 10(1): e0118069. 17 p.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
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Seedlings of Most Tree Species in California, Oregon, and Washington are Shifting Toward Areas Colder Than Those Occupied by Mature Trees
DescriptionClimate change is expected to change the distribution of species. For long-lived, sessile species such as trees, tracking the warming climate depends on seedling colonization of newly favorable areas. We compare the distribution of seedlings and mature trees for all but the rarest tree species in California, Oregon and Washington, United States of America, a large, environmentally diverse region. Across 46 species, the mean annual temperature of the range of seedlings was 0.120°C colder than that of the range of trees (95% confidence interval from 0.096 to 0.144°C). The extremes of the seedling distributions also shifted towards colder temperature than those of mature trees, but the change was less pronounced. Although the mean elevation and mean latitude of the range of seedlings was higher than and north of those of the range of mature trees, elevational and latitudinal shifts run in opposite directions for the majority of the species, reflecting the lack of a direct biological relationship between species’ distributions and those variables. The broad scale, environmental diversity and variety of disturbance regimes and land uses of the study area, the large number and exhaustive sampling of tree species, and the direct causal relationship between the temperature response and a warming climate, provide strong evidence to attribute the observed shifts to climate change.
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CitationMonleon, Vicente J.; Lintz, Heather E.; Delzon, Sylvain. 2015. Evidence of tree species’ range shifts in a complex landscape. PLOS ONE. 10(1): e0118069. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0118069
Keywordsclimate change, tree species, range shift, landscape
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