Skip to Main Content
Status of bottomland forests in the Albemarle Sound of North Carolina and Virginia, 1984-2012Author(s): Jean H. Lorber; Anita K. Rose
Source: e-Res. Pap. SRS-54. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station.
Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)
Station: Southern Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (1016.61 KB)
DescriptionThe Albemarle Sound, a 6-million-acre watershed, contains some of the largest areas of bottomland hardwood habitat in the Eastern United States. Using close to 30 years of data from the Forest Inventory and Analysis Program, a study of the current status and trends in the Albemarle Sound’s bottomland forest system was conducted. In 2012, bottomlands totaled approximately 800,000 acres and were composed of mainly swamps/ bogs and floodplains. Swamps/bogs were dominated by tupelo (Nyssa) species and cypress (Taxodium distichum), while floodplains were dominated by tupelo, red maple (Acer rubrum), and a diverse mixture of hardwood species. Just over half of bottomland acreage was <60 years old, and younger forest had less tupelo and cypress than did older forest, but more loblolly pine. Over the last 30 years, the acreage of bottomland forest has not changed. Periods of overharvesting have occurred; the growth-to-removals ratio from the mid-1980s through the early 2000s was never higher than 1.2, and has since varied wildly from 0.3 to 3.4. The net result is that total live-tree volume declined by 8 percent from its peak in 2002. The changes in growth and harvesting are reasonable when put in context with the region’s recent history, both economic and ecologic.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationLorber, Jean H.; Rose, Anita K. 2015. Status of bottomland forests in the Albemarle Sound of North Carolina and Virginia, 1984-2012. e-Res. Pap. SRS-54. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 12 p.
KeywordsBottomland hardwoods, FIA, forest inventory and analysis, growth, harvesting, removals.
- Height-diameter relationships in longleaf pine and four swamp tree species
- The effects of flooding on the swamp forest in Lake Ocklawaha, Florida
- Decay in yellow-poplar, maple, black gum, and ash in the central hardwood region
XML: View XML