Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): I. T. Haig
    Date: 1932
    Source: Ecology. 8(3): 311-312.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (294.06 KB)


    For some years forest investigators in the Pacific Northwest have been aware of the considerable quantity of tree seed which accumulates in the duff of heavy virgin timber stands and apparently retains its vitality for a few years in a sort of natural cold-storage condition. The major portion of the luxuriant regeneration which frequently follows logging and forest fires in the western white pine forest of northern Idaho has, in fact, been attributed by many foresters to this stored seed. The theory is that wholesale germination is stimulated by removal of the dense overwood shade and consequent raising of temperature of the cold and damp storage medium.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Haig, I. T. 1932. Premature germination of forest tree seed during natural storage in duff. Ecology. 8(3): 311-312.


    germination, seeding, regeneration, western white pine

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page