Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): I. T. Haig
    Date: 1933
    Source: Journal of Forestry. 31(5): 578-583.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (757.94 KB)


    Silvicultural practice for the national forests in the mixed western white pine stands of northern Idaho has long been complicated by the economic problems arising from the presence of aggressive, tolerant, low-value species, such as western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) and lowland white fir (Abies grandis), in association with the less tolerant, faster-growing, high-value western white pine (Pinus monticola). Purely silvicultural measures to encourage the germination and survival of white pine (for example, the creation of more favorable light conditions on cut-over areas through the girdling and felling of unmerchantable hemlock and white fir) have always been contested on the grounds that these expensive measures were economically unsound. As a result, silvicultural practice in the white pine type has continually reflected the effort to maintain a common-sense balance between good silviculture and good economics.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Haig, I. T. 1933. Treatment of understory hemlock in the western white pine type. Journal of Forestry. 31(5): 578-583.


    hemlock, western white pine type, regeneration

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page