Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): C. C. Warnick
    Date: 1953
    Source: Tranactions American Geophysical Union. 34(3): 379-388.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.6 MB)


    Under cooperative encouragement from several Federal agencies, the Engineering Experiment Station of the University of Idaho has been studying the principles, development, and use of high-altitude precipitation gages. A low-speed wind tunnel has been used to study the effect of wind on the catching characteristics of model storage precipitation gages. A snow storm was simulated with sawdust, and various gage designs without windshields and with different type windshields were studied. Special techniques with photography were used to evaluate the value and improvement in performance of various windshield designs. Field studies have also been conducted at two remote mountain locations on prototype gages and shields similar to those studied in the laboratory. Results indicate reductions in catch due to the action of winds, and new shields proposed for use are showing an improvement in the consistency of catch both in studies in the wind-tunnel and in the field.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Warnick, C. C. 1953. Experiments with windshields for precipitation gages. Tranactions American Geophysical Union. 34(3): 379-388.


    windshields, precipitation gages

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page