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Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systemsAuthor(s): Nancy B. Grimm; J. Morgan Grove; Steward T.A. Pickett; Charles L. Redman
Source: BioScience. 50(7): 571-584.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (230.88 KB)
DescriptionUrban ecological systems present multiple challenges to ecologists—pervasive human impact and extreme heterogeneity of cities, and the need to integrate social and ecological approaches, concepts, and theory.
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CitationGrimm, Nancy B.; Grove, J. Morgan; Pickett, Steward T.A.; Redman, Charles L. 2000. Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems. BioScience. 50(7): 571-584.
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