Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Thomas D. Landis; R. Kasten Dumroese
    Date: 2015
    Source: International Plant Propagators’ Society, Combined Proceedings (2014). 64: 299-307.
    Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (297.2 KB)

    Related Research Highlights

    Milking Milkweeds for More Monarch Butterfly Habitat


    The number of monarch butterflies, charismatic nomads of North America, is rapidly declining. Milkweeds (Asclepias spp.), which are the sole food source for monarch caterpillars, have also experienced a decline throughout the breeding range of this butterfly. Milkweeds can be grown from seeds or vegetatively from root cuttings or rhizomes. Seed germination is often improved with stratification and plants are easily grown with standard propagation methods. However, some species require adjustments to the substrate to reflect unique soil conditions of their natural habitat. We encourage you to grow and outplant milkweeds to create habitat for monarch butterflies and help restore their populations.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Landis, Thomas D.; Dumroese, R. Kasten. 2015. Propagating native milkweeds for restoring monarch butterfly habitat. International Plant Propagators’ Society, Combined Proceedings (2014). 64: 299-307.


    monarch butterflies, milkweeds, Asclepias

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page