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    Author(s): Leho Tedersoo; Mohammad Bahram; Sergei Põlme; Urmas Kõljalg; Nourou S. Yorou; Ravi Wijesundera; Luis Villarreal Ruiz; Aida M. Vasco-Palacios; Pham Quang Thu; Ave Suija; Matthew E. Smith; Cathy Sharp; Erki Saluveer; Alessandro Saitta; Miguel Rosas; Taavi Riit; David Ratkowsky; Karin Pritsch; Kadri Põldmaa; Meike Piepenbring; Cherdchai Phosri; Marko Peterson; Kaarin Parts; Kadri Pärtel; Eveli Otsing; Eduardo Nouhra; André L. Njouonkou; R. Henrik Nilsson; Luis N. Morgado; Jordan Mayor; Tom W. May; Luiza Majukim; D. Jean Lodge; Su See Lee; Karl-Henrik Larsson; Petr Kohout; Kentaro Hosaka; Indrek Hiiesalu; Terry W. Henkel; Helery Harend; Liang-dong Guo; Alina Greslebin; Gwen Gretlet; Jozsef Geml; Genevieve Gates; William Dunstan; Chris Dunk; Rein Drenkhan; John Dearnaley; André De Kesel; Tan Dang; Xin Chen; Franz Buegger; Francis Q. Brearley; Gregory Bonito; Sten Anslan; Sandra Abell; Kessy Abarenkov
    Date: 2014
    Source: SCIENCE, Volume 346, Issue 6213, 28 NOVEMBER 2014, pp. 1078 and 1256688/1-1256688/10.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (8.0 MB)

    Description

    Fungi play major roles in ecosystem processes, but the determinants of fungal diversity and biogeographic patterns remain poorly understood. Using DNA metabarcoding data from hundreds of globally distributed soil samples,we demonstrate that fungal richness is decoupled from plant diversity.The plant-to-fungus richness ratio declines exponentially toward the poles. Climatic factors, followed by edaphic and spatial variables, constitute the best predictors of fungal richness and community composition at the global scale. Fungi show similar latitudinal diversity gradients to other organisms,with several notable exceptions.These findings advance our understanding of global fungal diversity patterns and permit integration of fungi into a general macroecological framework.

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    Citation

    Tedersoo, Leho; Bahram, Mohammad; Põlme, Sergei; Kõljalg, Urmas; Yorou, Nourou S.; Wijesundera, Ravi; Ruiz, Luis Villarreal; Vasco-Palacios, Aida M.; Thu, Pham Quang; Suija, Ave; Smith, Matthew E.; Sharp, Cathy; Saluveer, Erki; Saitta, Alessandro; Rosas, Miguel; Riit, Taavi; Ratkowsky, David; Pritsch, Karin; Põldmaa, Kadri; Piepenbring, Meike; Phosri, Cherdchai; Peterson, Marko; Parts, Kaarin; Pärtel, Kadri; Otsing, Eveli; Nouhra, Eduardo; Njouonkou, André L.; Nilsson, R. Henrik; Morgado, Luis N.; Mayor, Jordan; May, Tom W.; Majukim, Luiza; Lodge, D. Jean; Lee, Su See; Larsson, Karl-Henrik; Kohout, Petr; Hosaka, Kentaro; Hiiesalu, Indrek; Henkel, Terry W.; Harend, Helery; Guo, Liang-dong; Greslebin, Alina; Gretlet, Gwen; Geml, Jozsef; Gates, Genevieve; Dunstan, William; Dunk, Chris; Drenkhan, Rein; Dearnaley, John; Kesel, André De; Dang, Tan; Chen, Xin; Buegger, Franz; Brearley, Francis Q.; Bonito, Gregory; Anslan, Sten; Abell, Sandra; Abarenkov, Kessy. 2014. Global diversity and geography of soil fungi. SCIENCE, Volume 346, Issue 6213, 28 NOVEMBER 2014, pp. 1078 and 1256688/1-1256688/10.

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    Keywords

    Soil fungal diversity patterns across latitudinal gradients, climate change

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