Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Cassandra M. KurtzW. Keith Moser; Mark H. Hansen; Dale D. GormansonMark A. HatfieldPaul A. Sowers; Michael J. Dockry; Marla R. EmeryChristopher W. WoodallBrian F. WaltersGrant M. Domke; Jonathan Gilbert; Alexandra Wrobel
    Date: 2015
    Source: Resour. Bull. NRS-96. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 89 p. [CD-ROM included].
    Publication Series: Resource Bulletin (RB)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (6.38 MB)


    The Lake States ceded territories are the portions of northern Michigan, northeastern Minnesota, and northern Wisconsin that were ceded by tribes of the Ojibwe to the government of the United States of America in the treaties of 1836, 1837, 1842, and 1854. The tribes retain rights to hunt, fish, and gather in the 1837, 1842, and 1854 treaty areas. This report summarizes the results of a series of forest inventories in the region between 1980 and 2013. Inventory results show the region has 30.7 million acres of forest land with forests covering 65.3 percent of the total land area. Forest features reported here focus on the status of six species of trees (sugar maple, black ash, paper birch, northern white-cedar, hophornbeam, and balsam fir) that have special historic and cultural value to the Ojibwe, in addition to the standard reporting of volume, biomass, growth, removals, and mortality of all trees that are typically included in the state-level reports produced by the Forest Inventory and Analysis program of the U.S. Forest Service. Sections of this report also focus on carbon, standing dead trees, invasive plant species, and ground flora.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Kurtz, Cassandra M.; Moser, W. Keith; Hansen, Mark H.; Gormanson, Dale D.; Hatfield, Mark A.; Sowers, Paul A.; Dockry, Michael J.; Emery, Marla R.; Woodall, Christopher W.; Walters, Brian F.; Domke, Grant M.; Gilbert, Jonathan; Wrobel, Alexandra. 2015. Forest resources within the Lake States ceded territories 1980 - 2013. Resour. Bull. NRS-96. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 89 p. [CD-ROM included].


    Google Scholar


    Ojibwe, FIA, GLIFWC, nontimber forest products, tribal forest resources

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page