Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Sandra Opoku Agyemang; Michael Muller; Victor Rex Barnes
    Date: 2015
    Source: In: Keane, Robert E.; Jolly, Matt; Parsons, Russell; Riley, Karin. Proceedings of the large wildland fires conference; May 19-23, 2014; Missoula, MT. Proc. RMRS-P-73. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 15-21.
    Publication Series: Proceedings (P)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (496.67 KB)

    Description

    This paper describes the number of fires, area burned, causes and seasonality of fires over a ten year period from 2002-2012 and investigates different fire management strategies and their effectiveness in the Afram headwaters forest reserve in Ghana. Data were collected from interviews of stakeholders in two communities adjacent to the reserve, and from 2002-2012 fire reports of the Ghana National Fire Service and Forest Service Division. For the period studied, nearly all fires were human-caused, and most arose through land use activities such as farming (19 percent) or hunting (15 percent) or from other activities such as charcoal production (10 percent) carried out in the forest. We also found out that, at least six fire incidences affected an area averaging approximately 31 hectares annually between 2002 and 2012. Nearly all fires occurred during the dry season (November-April) with the highest number of fires as well as largest area burnt occurring in January and February. Fire management efforts were more directed towards fire prevention than pre-suppression and suppression. However, other factors limited the effectiveness of fire management, including a lack of incentives for people to help put out fires and an absence of protective and suppression equipment. We recommend that there should be continuous education and capacity building, alternative farming methods, enforcement of wildfire laws, intensive patrols and inspection, maintenance of fire breaks, provision of lookout towers and other detection systems, provision of suppression equipment and collaboration between stakeholders.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to rmrspubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Agyemang, Sandra Opoku; Muller, Michael; Barnes, Victor Rex. 2015. Fire in Ghana's dry forest: Causes, frequency, effects and management interventions. In: Keane, Robert E.; Jolly, Matt; Parsons, Russell; Riley, Karin. Proceedings of the large wildland fires conference; May 19-23, 2014; Missoula, MT. Proc. RMRS-P-73. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. p. 15-21.

    Keywords

    forest fire, causes, fire frequency, management, prevention, pre-suppression, suppression

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/49423