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An empirical inferential method of estimating nitrogen deposition to Mediterranean-type ecosystems: the San Bernardino Mountains case studyAuthor(s): A. Bytnerowicz; R.F. Johnson; L. Zhang; G.D. Jenerette; M.E. Fenn; S.L. Schilling; I. Gonzalez-Fernandez
Source: Environmental Pollution. 203: 69-88
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
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DescriptionThe empirical inferential method (EIM) allows for spatially and temporally-dense estimates of atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition to Mediterranean ecosystems. This method, set within a GIS platform, is based on ambient concentrations of NH3, NO, NO2 and HNO3; surface conductance of NH4+ and NO3-; stomatal conductance of NH3,NO, NO2 and HNO3; and satellite-derived LAI. Estimated deposition is based on data collected during 2002-2006 in the San Bernardino Mountains (SBM) of southern California. Approximately 2/3 of dry N deposition was to plant surfaces and 1/3 as stomatal uptake. Summer-season N deposition ranged from <3 kg ha-1 in the eastern SBM to ~60 kg ha-1 in the western SBM near the Los Angeles Basin and compared well with the throughfall and big-leaf micrometeorological inferential methods. Extrapolating summertime N deposition estimates to annual values showed large areas of the SBM exceeding critical loads for nutrient N in chaparral and mixed conifer forests.
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CitationBytnerowicz, A.; Johnson, R.F.; Zhang, L.; Jenerette, G.D.; Fenn, M.E.; Schilling, S.L.; Gonzalez-Fernandez, I. 2015. An empirical inferential method of estimating nitrogen deposition to Mediterranean-type ecosystems: the San Bernardino Mountains case study. Environmental Pollution. 203: 69-88.
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