Skip to Main Content
Potential species replacements for black ash (Fraxinus nigra) at the confluence of two threats: Emerald ash borer and a changing climateAuthor(s): Louis Iverson; Kathleen S. Knight; Anantha Prasad; Daniel A. Herms; Stephen Matthews; Matthew Peters; Annemarie Smith; Diane M. Hartzler; Robert Long; John Almendinger
Source: Ecosystems. 19: 248-270. doi: 10.1007/s10021-015-9929-y.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
View PDF (7.0 MB)
Related Research Highlights
Has Climate Affected Tree Species Distribution in New England?
DescriptionThe emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis; EAB) is causing widespread mortality of ash (Fraxinus spp.) and climate change is altering habitats of tree species throughout large portions of North America. Black ash (F. nigra), a moist-soil species common in the Northwoods of Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan, USA, is under a double threat of losing habitat from climate change and near annihilation from EAB. Because black ash often occurs in nearly pure stands, planting non-ash species is a management strategy already underway or being planned for thousands of acres. Tools are needed to assist managers in prioritizing sites for early treatment and to select potential species to replace black ash. This study explores the implications of threats to black ash ecosystems using analyses of field data andmodels to assess both the threats to, and potential replacement species for, black ash in Minnesota. For our analysis we (1) assessed the status of ashes and co-occurring species inforest inventory plots throughout Minnesota; (2) modeled the risk of EAB attack for multiple years in Minnesota; (3) modeled potential impacts of climate change on tree species with current or potential future habitat in Minnesota; (4) evaluated species co-occurring with black ash in plots in Ohio and Michigan, southeast of Minnesota; and (5) synthesized these results to provide a classification for candidate replacement species, both from within Minnesota and from points farther south. Though this process is demonstrated for black ash in Minnesota, the elements to be considered and modeled would be similar for any other location with a pest or pathogen threat for a species which simultaneously faces a changing climate.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationIverson, Louis; Knight, Kathleen S.; Prasad, Anantha; Herms, Daniel A.; Matthews, Stephen; Peters, Matthew; Smith, Annemarie; Hartzler, Diane M.; Long, Robert; Almendinger, John. 2015. Potential species replacements for black ash (Fraxinus nigra) at the confluence of two threats: Emerald ash borer and a changing climate. Ecosystems. 19: 248-270. doi: 10.1007/s10021-015-9929-y.
Keywordsassisted range expansion, invasive insect spread model, climate change, emerald ash borer, multiple forest threats, restoration, species distribution models
- Evaluating Adaptive Management Options for Black Ash Forests in the Face of Emerald Ash Borer Invasion
- Potential replacements for northwoods black ash in a changing climate: the confluence of two challenges
- Canopy treatment influences growth of replacement tree species in Fraxinus nigra forests threatened by the emerald ash borer in Minnesota, USA
XML: View XML