Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Donald L. Copes
    Date: 1989
    Source: Res. Note PNW-RN-487. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 12 p
    Publication Series: Research Note (RN)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.17 MB)


    A bark-scoring trial was carried out on 379 of 1,234 grafts in five western Oregon seed orchards. Ages of grafted trees in 1983 ranged from 5 to 16 years. Scoring was done in April, June, or August of the first and third years of the 4-year test. Cuts across the defective interface of the union were made every 3.1 to 4.3 cm with a small, gas-powered chain saw. Many trees showed improved vegetative vigor after treatment. Annual mortality in the five orchards averaged just 1.6 percent when all defective grafts were treated. Diameter growth of rootstocks was least in incompatible grafts and greatest in compatible grafts. Form class (scion diameter divided by stock diameter) increased slightly during the study. The greatest improvement in average compatibility occured in trees treated in April. Among the three orchards treated in April, the orchard with the youngest grafts responded to scoring treatments most favorably. Two different types of graft incompatibility were found: the inherent type with brownline around only part of the circumference. The induced type usually began in grafts with one-sided compatible unions. Wound tissue that formed in bark scores of the induced incompatible grafts was usually free of brownline, but brownline appeared in all wound tissue of bark scores of inherently incompatible grafts. All the inherently incompatible grafts and some of the induced incompatible grafts will require additional treatments every 2 or 3 years to maintain a live cambium at the union.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Copes, Donald L. 1989. Bark scoring problem grafts in five Douglas-fir seed orchards: a case history. Res. Note PNW-RN-487. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 12 p


    Google Scholar


    Grafting, vegetative propagation, seed orchards, incompatibility, compatibility

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page