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    Author(s): Melissa V. Eitzel; Maggi Kelly; Lenya N. Quinn-Davidson
    Date: 2015
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-251. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 521-527
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (278.0 KB)


    Conifer encroachment into oak woodlands is becoming a pressing concern for oak conservation, particularly in California's north coast. We use Object-Based Image Analysis (OBIA) with historical aerial imagery from 1948 and recent high-spatial-resolution images from 2009 to explore the potential for mapping encroachment using remote sensing. We find that pre-processing historical aerial imagery is time-consuming and that OBIA requires training and experience but has promise for mapping the phenomenon of interest. We also find that identifying conifer and oak in the imagery without ground-based information is not consistently possible. We recommend iterative mapping and field work, both for obtaining field samples to map encroachment and for mapping woody versus herbaceous cover as a way to screen for locations with potential oak recruitment.

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    Eitzel, Melissa V.; Kelly, Maggi; Quinn-Davidson, Lenya N. 2015. Lessons learned in historical mapping of conifer and oak in the North Coast. In: Standiford, Richard B.; Purcell, Kathryn L., tech. cords. Proceedings of the seventh California oak symposium: managing oak woodlands in a dynamic world. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-251. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 521-527.


    conifer encroachment, high spatial resolution images, historical aerial images, National Agricultural Imagery Program, object-based image analysis, orthorectification, supervised classification

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