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Iridescent cellulose nanocrystal/polyethylene oxide composite films with low coefficient of thermal expansionAuthor(s): Jairo A. Diaz; Julia L. Braun; Robert J. Moon; Jeffrey P. Youngblood
Source: Int. J. Experimental and Computational Biomechanics, Volume 3, Number 3, 2015; pp. 189-199
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Forest Products Laboratory
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DescriptionSimultaneous control over optical and thermal properties is particularly challenging and highly desired in fields like organic electronics. Here we incorporated cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) into polyethylene oxide (PEO) in an attempt to preserve the iridescent CNC optical reflection given by their chiral nematic organisation, while reducing the composite thermal expansion. The hydrophilic nature and long-range self-organisation of CNCs facilitated structural control in the PEO matrix. The coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) was determined by using contrast-enhanced microscopy digital image correlation (CEMDIC) based on textural features revealed within CNC/PEO composites under polarised light. The attained composite films were iridescent and exhibited a significant reduction in CTE even with low CNC addition (~50% CTE reduction at ~10 wt.% CNC load). With further control over nanoparticle processing, such composites promise potentials for selective optical bandgap materials while tuning the CTE.
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CitationDiaz, Jairo A.; Braun, Julia L.; Moon, Robert J.; Youngblood, Jeffrey P. 2015. Iridescent cellulose nanocrystal/polyethylene oxide composite films with low coefficient of thermal expansion. International Journal of Experimental and Computational Biomechanics. 3(3): 189-199.
Keywordscellulose nanocrystals, CNCs, iridescence, coefficient of thermal, expansion, contrast enhanced microscopy digital image correlation, polymer, composites.
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