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    Author(s): Daniel M. Evans; Judy P. Che-Castaldo; Deborah Crouse; Frank W. Davis; Rebecca Epanchin-Niell; Curtis H. Flather; R. Kipp Frohlich; Dale D. Goble; Ya-Wei Li; Timothy D. Male; Lawrence L. Master; Matthew P. Moskwik; Maile C. Neel; Barry R. Noon; Camille Parmesan; Mark W. Schwartz; J. Michael Scott; Byron K. Williams
    Date: 2016
    Source: Issues in Ecology, Report Number 20. Ecological Society of America. 27 p.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.0 MB)


    The Endangered Species Act (ESA) has succeeded in shielding hundreds of species from extinction and improving species recovery over time. However, recovery for most species officially protected by the ESA - i.e., listed species - has been harder to achieve than initially envisioned. Threats to species are persistent and pervasive, funding has been insufficient, the distribution of money among listed species is highly uneven, and at least 10 times more species than are actually listed probably qualify for listing. Moreover, many listed species will require ongoing management for the foreseeable future to protect them from persistent threats. Climate change will exacerbate this problem and increase both species risk and management uncertainty, requiring more intensive and controversial management strategies to prevent species from going extinct.

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    Evans, Daniel M.; Che-Castaldo, Judy P.; Crouse, Deborah; Davis, Frank W.; Epanchin-Niell, Rebecca; Flather, Curtis H.; Frohlich, R. Kipp; Goble, Dale D.; Li, Ya-Wei; Male, Timothy D.; Master, Lawrence L.; Moskwik, Matthew P.; Neel, Maile C.; Noon, Barry R.; Parmesan, Camille; Schwartz, Mark W.; Scott, J. Michael; Williams, Byron K. 2016. Species recovery in the United States: Increasing the effectiveness of the Endangered Species Act. Issues in Ecology, Report Number 20. Ecological Society of America. 27 p.


    species recovery, Endangered Species Act (ESA), extinction, climate change, management strategies

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