Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): J. Travis Swaim; Daniel C. Dey; Michael R. Saunders; Dale R. Weigel; Christopher D. Thornton; John M. Kabrick; Michael A. Jenkins
    Date: 2016
    Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 364: 101-112.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.0 MB)

    Description

    We resampled plots from a repeated measures study implemented on the Hoosier National Forest (HNF) in southern Indiana in 1988 to investigate the influence of site and seedling physical attributes on height growth and establishment success of oak species (Quercus spp.) reproduction in stands regenerated by the clearcut method. Before harvest, an array of physical attributes were documented for individual stems of advance reproduction. Across all surveys, the same characteristics were remeasured in years 6, 12, and 23 for all reproduction types (advance reproduction, stump sprouts, and new seedlings). In order to characterize topo-edaphic conditions, soil samples were collected and analyzed in 2011, and slope aspect, slope percent, and slope position were measured in the field. Random Forest (RF) analysis was used to determine the best physical and environmental predictors of height growth for oak species and their competitors in developing stands. Overall, advance reproduction of oak species fared poorly following harvests. Sprout-origin oak stems proved stronger competitors in developing stands, although their abundance relative to competing species was quite low. Advance and sprout origin maple (Acer spp.) stems, along with new seedlings of black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.) and yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.), quickly overtopped oak advance reproduction and established dominance in the developing canopy. The height of stems during prior sampling periods was the best overall predictor of stem height in subsequent sampling periods. Species was also an important predictor of stem height. Comparatively, environmental variables were poor predictors of height growth of individual stems throughout the study, although more mesic aspects, greater cation exchange capacity, and greater soil magnesium saturation were associated with greater height of non-sprout origin stems from species groups other than oak or hickory in year 6. Our results suggest that overstory removal has driven stand demographics towards species favored by infrequent large-scale disturbance events such as clearcutting. Without post-harvest treatments to control competitors, oak regeneration on more mesic sites is unlikely to recruit into developing stands.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Swaim, J Travis.; Dey, Daniel C.; Saunders, Michael R.; Weigel, Dale R.; Thornton, Christopher D.; Kabrick, John M.; Jenkins, Michael A. 2016. Predicting the height growth of oak species (Quercus) reproduction over a 23-year period following clearcutting. Forest Ecology and Management. 364: 101-112.

    Cited

    Google Scholar

    Keywords

    Competition, Long-term data, Stand development, Even-aged, Central hardwood region

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/50232