Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Joseph Godwin; Daowei Zhang
    Date: 2012
    Source: Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (106.0 KB)


    Over the past 30 years the U.S.–Canadian softwood lumber trade dispute has resulted in three managed trade agreements that have not been voted on in the U.S. Congress. Nevertheless, U.S. Senators have played an important role in shaping the political environment that has nurtured these agreements. In this paper we construct a lumber influence index based on 14 known events between 2001 and 2006 and analyze what factors influenced a senator’s decision to publically call for restricting Canadian lumber imports and to adopt the 2006 Softwood Lumber Agreement. Our results show that the size of the wood products manufacturing industry in a state, campaign contributions, logrolling, and ideology played a significant role and that interest group politics is prevalent in this dispute.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Godwin, Joseph; Zhang, Daowei. 2012. Political pressure: An examination of U S Senators actions in restricting Canadian softwood lumber imports. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Vol. 60(2): 12 pages.: 263-274. 10.1111/j.1744-7976.2012.01247.x


    Google Scholar


    International Trade Tariffs Non Tariffs Barriers

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page