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    Author(s): Melanie Mauriat; Gregoire Le Provost; Phillippe Rozenberg; Sylvain Delzon; Nathalie Breda; Bruno Clair; Catherine Coutand; Jean-Christoph Domec; Thierry Fourcaud; Jacqueline Grima-Pettenati; Raul Herrera; Jean-Charles Leple; Nicolas Richet; Jean-Francois Trontin; Christophe Plomion
    Date: 2014
    Source: Tree Biotechnology
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (12.0 MB)


    Among the ecosystem services provided by forests, wood provisioning takes a central position. Wood and derived products have played a critical role in the evolution of human kind and demand for raw material is increasing in a foreseeable future. Wood is used for energy production, construction and a wide variety of products for which different properties are required. Anatomical, chemical and physical properties of wood are determined through a complex process called xylogenesis controlled by internal and external signals and occurring during the life of the tree. In this chapter we describe i / how wood is formed and ii / the different factors controlling this developmental process , with emphasis on the molecular machinery involved, iii / the functions of wood and iv / the biotechnology approaches developed to improve wood biomass production and properties genetically.

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    Mauriat Melanie; Le Provost Gregoire; Rozenberg Philippe; Delzon Sylvain; Bréda Nathalie; Clair Bruno; Coutand Catherine; Domec, Jean-Christophe; Fourcaud, Thierry; Grima-Pettenati, Jacqueline; Herrera, Raul; Leple, Jean-Charles; Richet, Nicholas; Trontin, Jean-Francois; Plomion, Christophe  2014. Wood Formation in Trees. In Ramawat K.G., Mérillon J.P., Ahuja M.R. (eds) Tree Biotechnology, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. 56-111. 56 p.

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