Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): T.H. Jones; H.M. Garrafo; T.F. Spande; N.R. Andriamaharavo; J.S.T. Gorman; A.J. Snyder; A.W. Jeter; J.A. Torres; John W. Daly
    Date: 2010
    Source: Journal of Natural Products. 73:313 - 316
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: International Institute of Tropical Forestry
    PDF: Download Publication  (200.0 KB)


    Analysis of the extracts of male ants of Monomorium minimum and Monomorium ebeninum by GC-MS and GC-FTIR revealed the presence of tyramides 2 and 4c, for which the structures were established by comparison with synthetic samples. These compounds and their analogues 1 and 3 were also found in males of other Monomorium species, males of Myrmicaria opaciventris, and males of several Solenopsis (Diplorhoptrum) species. Vapor-phase FTIR spectra revealed critically important structural clues to two of the tyramides, which had methyl branching in the tyramide acyl moiety. Tyramide 4c exhibited a strong intramolecular amide NH hydrogen bond where an alpha-keto group was deduced to be present in the acyl moiety and also showed the overlap of this ketone group frequency with that of the amide Vc-o. The biological function of these compounds is uncertain; however, their role in ant-mating behavior may be suggested by a large body of evidence.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Jones, T.H.; Garrafo, H.M.; Spande, T.F.; Andriamaharavo, N.R.; Gorman, J.S.T.; Snyder, A.J.; Jeter, A.W.; Torres, J.A.; Snelling R.R.; Daly, John W. 2010. Caste-specific tyramides from Myrmicine ants. Journal of Natural Products. 73:313 - 316.


    Myrmicine ants, chemical compounds, tropics

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page