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    Author(s): Joseph Elkinton; George Boettner; Andrew Liebhold; Rodger Gwiazdowski
    Date: 2015
    Source: FHTET-2014-07. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Team. 22 p.
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.0 MB)

    Description

    The winter moth (Operophtera brumata L.; Lepidoptera: Geometridae) is an inchworm caterpillar that hatches coincident with bud-break on its hosts and feeds on a wide range of deciduous trees. It is one of a group of geometrid species that feed in early spring and then pupate in the top layer of the soil or litter beginning in mid-May. As postulated by Feeney (1970), the early spring feeding strategy of such larvae allows them to take advantage of the high nitrogen content and low concentrations of defensive compounds, such as condensed tannins, in newly formed leaves.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Elkinton, Joseph; Boettner, George; Liebhold, Andrew; Gwiazdowski, Rodger. 2015. Biology, spread, and biological control of winter moth in the eastern United States. FHTET-2014-07. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Team. 22 p.

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