Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Norman Brunswig; Sharon Richardson; Matthew Johnson; Brandon Heitkamp
    Date: 2016
    Source: In: Proceedings of the 18th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–212. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.0 MB)

    Description

    Bottomland hardwood forests have suffered tremendous losses in the United States. Yet they support some of the densest breeding populations of imperiled migratory song birds in the eastern US, providing nesting habitat for 49 species, 32 of which share some Conservation Status. Traditional management for bottomland hardwood forests in the southeast has tended to rely on one of two strategieslarge scale clearcuts >50 acres, or no-cutting at all. As a conservation organization, Audubon and others have encouraged landowners, land trusts and conservation groups to seek the protection of bottomland
    hardwood forests and prescribe a “no-cut” policy to allow the forest to mature to an old growth climax community. Bottomland hardwood forests provide habitat for 140-200 species that use different niches in the forest structure. There are priority birds that require small scale openings (Swainson’s warblers), some that that can tolerate thinning within the canopy (Prothonotary warblers), and some that cannot tolerate any disturbance (Red-eyed vireo). Audubon South Carolina set out to review available research in order to identify tolerance thresholds that could be incorporated into a forest management plan or conservation easement that would allow an alternative management regime, other than cut it all or cut nothing. A set of bird-friendly best management practices were identified to address the needs of the disturbance-dependent birds while not compromising the needs of the disturbance-tolerant species, and that allow some modest harvesting revenue. When these management practices are embedded at a landscape-scale where there are large tracts of nodisturbance, then the habitat needs of the entire suite of species can be addressed. Initial demonstration sites at Silver Bluff Audubon Center and Sanctuary in Jackson, SC successfully attracted the birds of interest. One year after three small clear cuts (1, 3, 5 acres) were logged within a 90-acre stand, the habitat now has shrubby thickets and sightings of Swainson’s Warblers have been confirmed.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Brunswig, Norman; Richardson, Sharon; Johnson, Matthew; Heitkamp, Brandon. 2016. Bird-friendly recommendations for bottomland forests in the Carolinas: birds and people on common ground. In: Proceedings of the 18th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–212. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 8 p.

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/50583