Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub

    Description

    The 15N-enrichment technique for estimating biological nitrogen fixation in Casuarina equisetifolia J.R. & G. Forst. was evaluated under field conditions in single-species and mixed-species plantings (with a nonfixing reference species, Eucalyptus X robusta J.E. Smith) between ages 6 and 24 months in Puerto Rico. Trenched and untrenched quadrats within the plantations were labelled at 6-month intervals with 15N-enriched ammonium sulfate at a rate of 0.2 g 15N · m-2 -year-1 (2.0 g N · m-2 -year-1). Analyses of foliar and whole-tree (weighted average) N-isotope ratios, based on periodic nondestructive and whole tree harvests, were used to estimate the proportion of nitrogen derived from biological dinitrogen fixation (PNDFA) and total nitrogen derived from fixation (TNDFA) in Casuarina. These results were compared with those obtained using the nitrogen difference method. The 15N-enrichment technique yielded consistent estimates of biological nitrogen fixation in Casuarina when either foliar or whole-tree N-isotopic data were used to calculate PNDFA and TNDFA. Estimates of PNDFA in Casuarìna were similar for trenched monoculture and mixed-species quadrats, and in trenched and untrenched quadrats where the reference species (Eucalyptus) was interplanted with the N-fixing species. However, the results indicate that eucalyptus grown in small, untrenched monoculture quadrats is an inappropriate reference for estimating PNDFA in Casuarina. During the first 2 years after plantation establishment, Casuarina obtained from 48 to 67% of its nitrogen from the atmos­phere based on foliar and whole-tree sampling. This 1 amounted to between 82 and 94 kg · ha-1 · year-1 in the mono­culture treatment and between 39 and 62 kg · ha-1 · year-1 in the mixed stands with Eucalyptus. These results also were in dose agreement with estimates made using an N-difference method.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Parrotta, John A.; Baker, Dwight D.; Fried, Maurice. 1994. Application of 15N-enrichment methodologies to estimate nitrogen fixation in Casuarina equisetifolia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 24(2): 201-207.

    Keywords

    nitrogen fixation, Casuarina equisetifolia, 15N enrichment, Puerto Rico

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page