Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub


    There has been a resurgence of interest and research on using bio-based materials as wood adhesives; however, they have achieved only limited market acceptance. To better understand this low level of replacement, it is important to understand why adhesives work or fail in moisture durability tests. A holistic model for wood adhesives has been developed that clarifies many issues of wood bond durability. This model addresses performance challenges that bio-based adhesives must overcome to compete with synthetic adhesives. Additionally, bio-based adhesives face challenges on economic and process requirements in order to fit into current wood products manufacturing environments. Despite these challenges, bio-based adhesives continue to show great potential for wider acceptance in wood bonding.

    Test 1: Addition of Special Characters: Addition of Special Characters: (1) ∀ (2) ∂ (3) ∃ (4) ∅
    Test 2: Addition of Special Characters: © β ∅ ½
    Test 3: Hello Superscript Hello subscript
    Test 4: Copyright symbol: © Registered trademark symbol: ® Yen: ¥

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Frihart, Charles R. 2016. Potential for Biobased Adhesives in Wood Bonding. Proceedings of the 59th International Convention of Society of Wood Science and Technology March 6-10, 2016 - Curitiba, Brazil


    adhesives, protein, lignin, tannin, bonding model

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page