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    Author(s): Turker Dundar; Xiping Wang; Nusret As; Erkan Avci
    Date: 2016
    Source: Ultrasonics
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: Download Publication  (345.0 KB)


    The objective of this study was to examine the potential of ultrasonic velocity as a rapid and nondestructive method to predict the dimensional stability of oak (Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Lieblein) and chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) that are commonly used in flooring industry. Ultrasonic velocity, specific gravity, and radial, tangential and volumetric shrinkages were measured on seventy-four 20  20  30-mm3 specimens obtained from freshly cut oak and chestnut stems. The ultrasonic velocities of the specimens decreased with increasing moisture content (MC). We found that specific gravity was not a good predictor of the transverse shrinkages as indicated by relatively weak correlations. Ultrasonic velocity, on the other hand, was found to be a significant predictor of the transverse shrinkages for both oak and chestnut. The best results for prediction of shrinkages of oak and chestnut were obtained when the ultrasonic velocity and specific gravity were used together. The multiple regression models we developed in this study explained 77% of volumetric shrinkages in oak and 72% of volumetric shrinkages in chestnut. It is concluded that ultrasonic velocity coupled with specific gravity can be employed as predicting parameters to evaluate the dimensional stability of oak and chestnut wood during manufacturing process.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Dundar, Turker; Wang, Xiping; As, Nusret; Avci, Erkan. 2016. Potential of ultrasonic pulse velocity for evaluating the dimensional stability of oak and chestnut wood. Ultrasonics. 66: 86-90.


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    Ultrasonic velocity, Dimensional stability, Shrinkage, Specific gravity, Wood

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