Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Restoration of southern Appalachian riparian forest affected by eastern hemlock mortality

Author(s):

Michael A. Crump
C. Rhett Jackson

Year:

2016

Publication type:

General Technical Report (GTR)

Primary Station(s):

Southern Research Station

Source:

In: Stringer, Christina E.; Krauss, Ken W.; Latimer, James S., eds. 2016. Headwaters to estuaries: advances in watershed science and management -Proceedings of the Fifth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds. March 2-5, 2015, North Charleston, South Carolina. e-General Technical Report SRS-211. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 302 p.

Description

Widespread mortality of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) through hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA) infestation has altered riparian forest structure and function throughout the southern Appalachians. Eastern hemlock and Rhododendron maximum often co-occur in these riparian forests, where the latter species is highly shade tolerant, forms a dense shrub layer that strongly attenuates light incident on the forest floor, has little to no herbaceous cover below its canopy, negatively affects tree seedling recruitment, and decreases nitrogen availability in the soil and litter layer to non-ericaceous species.

Citation

Elliott, Katherine; Miniat, Chelcy F.; Knoepp, Jennifer; Crump, Michael A.; Jackson, C. Rhett. 2016. Restoration of southern Appalachian riparian forest affected by eastern hemlock mortality. In: Stringer, Christina E.; Krauss, Ken W.; Latimer, James S., eds. 2016. Headwaters to estuaries: advances in watershed science and management -Proceedings of the Fifth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds. March 2-5, 2015, North Charleston, South Carolina. e-General Technical  Report  SRS-211. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 1 p.

Publication Notes

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/52149