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    Author(s): John A. Stanturf; P. Madsen
    Date: 2002
    Source: Plant Biosystems 136 (2) 143-158, 2002
    Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
    PDF: View PDF  (615 KB)

    Description

    Throughout the boreal and temperate zones, forest restoration efforts attempt to counteract negative effects of conversion to other land use (afforestation and remediation) and disturbance and stress on existing forests (rehabilitation). Appropriate silvicultural practices can be designed for any forest restoration objective. Most common objectives include timber, wildlife habitat for game species, or aesthetics. Increasingly other objectives are considered, including carbon sequestration, biological diversity, non-game mammals and birds, endangered animals and plants rotection of water quality and aquatic resources, and recreation. Plantation Forestry remains the most effective approach to restoration of forest cover to large areas, and recent trends toward more complex plantations are explored. Rehabilitation of degraded forests increasingly relies on re-establishing natural disturbance regimes and emphasizes "close-to-nature" approaches to regeneration and stand management. The objectives of this paper are to clarify concepts of forest restoration and to present examples of restoration activities in temperate and boreal forests of North America and Western Europe.

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    Citation

    Stanturf, John A.; Madsen, P. 2002. Restoration Concepts for Temperate and Boreal Forests of North America and Western Europe. Plant Biosystems 136 (2) 143-158, 2002

    Keywords

    afforestation, biodiversity, disturbance, reforestation, rehabilitation

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