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Intra-annual variation in responses by flying southern pine beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) to pheromone component endo-brevicominAuthor(s): Brian T. Sullivan; Cavell Brownie; JoAnne P. Barrett
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Southern Research Station
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DescriptionThe southern pine beetle Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) is attracted to an aggregation pheromone that includes the multifunctional pheromone component endobrevicomin. The effect of endo-brevicomin on attractive lures varies from strong enhancement to reduction of beetle attraction depending upon release rate, lure component spacing, and proximity of beetle infestations. Anecdotal observations have further suggested that the effects of endo-brevicomin vary during the year. We investigated this possibility under nonoutbreak conditions in southwestern Mississippi where for two-and-a-half years we monitored traps baited with frontalin and the host odor alpha-pinene either (a) alone, or with an endobrevicomin release device either (b) located directly on the trap, or (c) displaced 6m away. The endo-brevicomin devices in our tests increased D. frontalis catches during all times of year, and 6m displacement of the endobrevicomin release device from the trap did not significantly alter responses except during the spring flight peak when displacement increased catches. Our data suggest that flying D. frontalis have a stronger tendency to avoid the immediate proximity of a release point of endo-brevicomin during their springtime dispersal flight when catches are greatest. Catches of Thanasimus dubius (F.) (Coleoptera: Cleridae), a major predator of D. frontalis, were not altered by endo-brevicomin, and ratios of D. frontalis to T. dubius changed over the course of the year. We discuss the possible effects of intra-annual variation in D. frontalis response to endo-brevicomin both on beetle attack behavior and use of endo-brevicomin as a lure adjuvant in D. frontalis population monitoring.
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CitationSullivan, Brian T.; Brownie, Cavell; Barrett, JoAnne P. 2016. Intra-annual variation in responses by flying southern pine beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) to pheromone component endo-brevicomin . Journal of Economic Entomology, Vol. 109(4): 9 pages.: 1720-1728. 10.1093/jee/tow078
Keywordsmonitoring, bark beetle, trapping, pheromone, phenology
- Variable responses by southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann, to the pheromone component endo-Brevicomin: influence of enantiomeric composition, release rate, and proximity to infestations
- Spatial displacement of a lure component can reduce catches of two nontarget species during spring monitoring of southern pine beetle
- Spatial displacement of release point can enhance activity of an attractant pheromone synergist of a bark beetle.
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