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Physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil under soybean cultivation and at an adjacent rainforest in AmazoniaAuthor(s): T.P. Beldini; R.C. Oliveira Junior; Michael Keller; P.B. de Camargo; P.M. Crill; A. Damasceno da Silva; D. Bentes dos Santos; D. Rocha de Oliveira
Source: Rev. Ambient. Água
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: International Institute of Tropical Forestry
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DescriptionLand-use change in the Amazon basin has occurred at an accelerated pace during the last decade, and it is important that the effects induced by these changes on soil properties are better understood. This study investigated the chemical, physical, and biological properties of soil in a field under cultivation of soy and rice, and at an adjacent primary rain forest. Increases in soil bulk density, exchangeable cations and pH were observed in the soy field soil. In the primary forest, soil microbial biomass and basal respiration rates were higher, and the microbial community was metabolically more efficient. The sum of basal respiration across the A, AB and BA horizons on a mass per area basis ranged from 7.31 to 10.05 Mg CO2-C ha-1yr-1, thus yielding estimates for total soil respiration between 9.6 and 15.5 Mg CO2-C ha-1yr-1 across sites and seasons. These estimates are in good agreement with literature values for Amazonian ecosystems. The estimates of heterotrophic respiration made in this study help to further constrain the estimates of autotrophic soil respiration and will be useful for monitoring the effects of future land-use in Amazonian ecosystems.
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CitationBeldini, T.P.; Oliveira Junior, R.C.; Keller, M.M.; de Camargo, P.B.; Crill, P.M.; Damasceno da Silva, A.; Bentes dos Santos, D.; Rocha de Oliveira, D. 2015. Physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil under soybean cultivation and at an adjacent rainforest in Amazonia. Rev. Ambient. Água 10:707 - 719.
Keywordsland use change, microbial metabolic quotient, seasonality
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