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    Author(s): B. Cashore; I. Visseren-Hamakers; P. Caro Torres; W. de Jong; A. Denvir; D. Humphreys; Kathleen McGinley; G. Auld; S. Lupberger; C. McDermott; S. Sax; D. Yin
    Date: 2016
    Publication Series: Book
    Station: International Institute of Tropical Forestry
    PDF: Download Publication  (6.0 MB)


    This report, “Can Legality Verification Enhance Local Rights to Forest Resources? Piloting the policy learning protocol in the Peruvian forest context,” reports on the testing of the application of the 11-step Policy Learning Protocol in Peru in 2015-16. The Protocol (Cashore et al. 2014) enables actors to draw from international policy initiatives in order to improve domestic forest governance and to advance domestic policy objectives. It is being developed to nurture durable, meaningful, and influential policy solutions to forestry and forest livelihood problems “on the ground”. The Protocol can be applied within the context of single countries, as its design recognizes that international efforts to improve forest governance, or contribute otherwise to forest-related objectives, travel through different pathways of influence and interact iteratively at multiple levels within and between global, national, and subnational levels, as well as through private governance mechanisms. The Protocol was developed through the work of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) and Yale University’s Governance, Environment and Markets initiative (GEM), in particular with the Climate Land Use Alliance (CLUA). It builds on the experiences and accumulated expertise of social scientists who in recent years have focused on two aspects that link global interventions to domestic forest policies and support practices: 1. Means-oriented policy learning, which focuses on the ways in which specific global interventions might achieve influence through policy coherence; 2. Careful consideration of the nature of specific resource challenges into policy instrument design and strategy (Rayner et al. 2010). While the Protocol is designed to be generic, it places special emphasis on the ways in which stakeholders might develop insights to nurture a particular policy instrument, or set of policy instruments, towards achieving “on the ground” objectives. Hence the primary target audience of the Protocol testing are those who have an interest in and who attempt to influence Peruvian national policy processes. The Protocol has been developed by engaging with policy practitioners in a process of collaborative learning (Cashore et al. 2014). A choice was made to test the Protocol in Peru in partnership with local collaborators. The project team started the process of problem identification by formulating a general aim for the project, namely to assess how international policy interventions might be leveraged to address two main problems: enhancing the livelihoods of forest dependent people in Peru; and reduce, or reverse, loss of forest cover in order to promote biodiversity conservation and reduce forest-related carbon emissions. After the first workshop in Peru in June 2015, this general aim was further delineated to focus on the question how community legal ownership of, and access to, forestland and forest resources can be enhanced. The Protocol is organized around three phases (getting ready, co-generating insights and implementation) and 11 steps, which should not be approached sequentially, but instead revisited iteratively throughout the project.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Cashore, B.; Visseren-Hamakers, I.; Caro Torres, P.; de Jong, W.; Denvir, A.; Humphreys, D.; McGinley, K.; Auld, G.; Lupberger, S.; McDermott, C.; Sax, S.; Yin, D. 2016. Can legality verification enhace local rights to forest resources? Piloting the policy learning protocol in the Peruvian forest context. International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) and Yale University’s Governance, Environment and Markets (GEM) Initiative. p. 111.


    forest resources, forest policy, governance, Peru, policy learning protocol

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