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AgBufferBuilder: A geographic information system (GIS) tool for precision design and performance assessment of filter stripsAuthor(s): M. G. Dosskey; S. Neelakantan; T. G. Mueller; T. Kellerman; M. J. Helmers; E. Rienzi
Source: Journal of Soil and Water Conservation
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Southern Research Station
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Precision Design of Riparian Buffers for Improving Water Quality
DescriptionSpatially nonuniform runoif reduces the water qua1iry perfortnance of constant- width filter strips. A geographic inlormation system (Gls)-based tool was developed and tested that ernploys terrain analysis to account lor spatially nonuniform runoffand produce more ellbctive filter strip designs.The computer program,AgBufTerBuilder, runs with ATcGIS versions 10.0 and 10.1 (Esri,Redlands,California) and uses digital elevation models to identify detailed spatial patterns of overland runoff to field margins.The tool then sizes filter dimensions according to those patterns using bufTer area ratio relationships.The resulting
design is larger along se€intents where more runoff flows and smaller along segments where runoff is less and delivers a constantlevel of trapping etlciency around the field margin forsediment and sediment-bound pollutants. The tool also can estimate trapping elficiency of existing filter strips or hypothetical configurations. In a validation test, estimates of sediment
trapping efEciency using the tool's assessment function compared closely to measurements taken on large field plots in central Iowa. Using AgButlbrBuilder, designs developed for a sample of fie1ds in the midwestern United States were estimated to trap nearly double the sediment, on average, during a design storm than constant-width conligurations having equivalent
total filter area.AgBuflerBuilder can be used to bolster environmental perlormance of lilter strips where runoffis spatially nonuniform.The AgButTerBuilder tooi is publicly available on the websites htrp:/ /www2.ca.uky.edu/BuflerBuilder and http://nac.un1.edu/too1s/ AgButTerBuilder.
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CitationDosskey, M. G.; Neelakantan, S.; Mueller, T. G.; Kellerman, T.; Helmers, M. J.; Rienzi, E. 2015. AgBufferBuilder: A geographic information system (GIS) tool for precision design and performance assessment of filter strips. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Vol. 70(4): 9 pages.: 209-217.
Keywordsdigital elevation model-nonpoint pollution-precision conservation-terrarn analysis-vegetative buffer-water quality
- A design aid for sizing filter strips using buffer area ratio
- A design aid for determining width of filter strips
- Establishing conservation buffers using precision information
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