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    Author(s): Robert J. MoonGregory T. Schueneman; John Simonsen
    Date: 2016
    Source: JOM The Journal of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS)
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: View PDF  (1.0 MB)

    Description

    Cellulose nanomaterials (CNs) are a new class of cellulose particles with properties and functionalities distinct from molecular cellulose and wood pulp, and as a result, they are being developed for applications that were once thought impossible for cellulosic materials. Momentum is growing in CN research and development, and commercialization in this field is happening because of the unique combination of characteristics (e.g., high mechanical properties, sustainability, and large-scale production potential) and utility across a broad spectrum of material applications (e.g. as an additive, selfsustaining structures, and template structures) that CNs offer. Despite the challenges typical for materials development, CN and near-CN production is ramping up with pilot scale to industry demonstration trials, and the first commercial products are starting to hit the marketplace. This review provides a broad overview of CNs and their capabilities that are enabling new application areas for cellulose-based materials.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Moon, Robert J.; Schueneman, Gregory T.; Simonsen, John. 2016. Overview of cellulose nanomaterials, their capabilities and applications. The Journal of The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS). JOM. 68(9): 2383-2394.

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    Keywords

    cellulose nanomaterials, cellulose nanocrystals, cellulose nanofibrils, applications

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