Skip to Main Content
Repeated application of fuel reduction treatments in the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA: implications for achieving management goalsAuthor(s): Thomas A. Waldrop; Donald L. Hagan; Dean M. Simon
Source: Fire Ecology
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Southern Research Station
Download Publication (2.0 MB)
Related Research Highlights
Repeated Application of Fuel Reduction Treatments in the Southern Appalachian Mountains: Implications for Achieving Management Goals
DescriptionFire and resource managers of the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA, have many questions about the use of prescribed fire and mechanical treatments to meet various land management objectives. Three common objectives include restoration to an open woodland, oak regeneration, and fuel reduction. This paper provides information about reaching each of these three management objectives by using prescribed burning (B), mechanical fuel reduction (M), and a combination of both fire and mechanical treatment (MB). The southern Appalachian site of the National Fire and Fire Surrogate study has been burned three times and a mechanical treatment has been conducted twice since 2002. Stand structure was changed by each active treatment but restoration to an open woodland was not achieved by any. The MB treatment units developed the desired overstory structure but heavy sprouting of woody species in the understory prevented the establishment of a diverse herbaceous forest floor. Oak reproduction was increased by all active treatments, largely by sprouting of top-killed stems. The degree of fuel reduction differed by treatment. All treatments reduced the shrub layer, thus reducing the vertical fuel component. The B and MB treatments reduced most fuels and likely reduced the severity of a subsequent wildfire. We conclude that additional burning is required to meet each management objective, and that fires should be conducted more frequently, in different seasons, or in combination with other treatments.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationWaldrop, Thomas A.; Hagan, Donald L.; Simon, Dean M. 2016. Repeated application of fuel reduction treatments in the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA: implications for achieving management goals. Fire Ecology, 12(2): 28-47. 20 p. 10.4996/fireecology.1202028
Keywordsfuel reduction, mechanical fuel reduction, oak regeneration, open woodland, prescribed fire, restoration
- Spacing and family affect fusiform rust incidence in loblolly pine at age 17
- Third-year responses of understory woody regeneration to fuel reduction treatments in the Southern Appalachian Mountains
- The national fire and fire surrogate study: vegetation changes over 11 years of fuel reduction treatments in the southern Appalachian Mountains
XML: View XML