Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub

    Description

    Cellulose nanofibers were successfully isolated from bamboo using microwave liquefaction combinedwith chemical treatment and ultrasonic nanofibrillation processes. The microwave liquefaction couldeliminate almost all the lignin in bamboo, resulting in high cellulose content residues within 7 min, andthe cellulose enriched residues could be readily purified by subsequent chemical treatments with lowerchemical charging and quickly. The results of wet chemistry analyses, SEM images, and FTIR and X-rayspectra indicated the combination of microwave liquefaction and chemical treatment was significantlyefficient in removing non-cellulosic compounds. Ultrasonication was used to separate the nanofibrilsfrom the purified residues to extract nanofibers. The TEM images confirmed the presence of elementaryfibrils, nano-sized fibril bundles, and aggregated fibril bundles. As evidenced by the TGA analysis, cellu-lose nanofibers isolated by this novel technique had high thermal stability indicating that the isolatednanofibers could possibly be applied as reinforcing elements in biomaterials.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Xie, Jiulong; Hse, Chung-Yun; De Hoop, Cornelis F.; Hu, Tingxing; Qi, Jinqiu; Shupe, Todd F. 2016. Isolation and characterization of cellulose nanofibers from bamboo using microwave liquefaction combined with chemical treatment and ultrasonication. Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 151: 10 pages.: 725-734.

    Cited

    Google Scholar

    Keywords

    Cellulose nanofibers, Microwave liquefaction, Bamboo, Ultrasonic nanofibrillation

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/52736