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    Carbon nanospheres were synthesized by hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of four different carbon sources: xylose, glucose, sucrose, and pine wood derived saccharides. The obtained carbon nanospheres were characterized for particle morphology and size, and surface functional groups. Morphological and structural differences among these saccharides derived HTC carbons were clearly observed. Scanning electron microscopy images of carbon nanospheres from HTC of xylose showed uniform spherical particles with diameters around 80 nm, while carbon nanospheres obtained from glucose, sucrose, and pine-derived saccharides had particle size in the range of 100-150 nm, 300-400 nm, and 50-100 nm, respectively. Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide were primary gaseous phase products during the HTC process. In addition, methane, propane, hydrogen, and benzene were detected in the gas phase.

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    Yan, Qiangu; Li, Rui; Toghiani, Hossein; Cai, Zhiyong; Zhang, Jilei. 2015. Synthesis and characterization of carbon nanospheres obtained by hydrothermal carbonization of wood-derived and other saccharides. Trends in Renewable Energy. 1(2): 119-128.


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    Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC), Carbon Nanospheres, Carbohydrates, Pine Wood-derived Saccharides, Gas Phase Composition, Mechanism of HTC

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