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    Author(s): A. Nettel; R. S. Dodd; Z. Afzal-Rafii
    Date: 2009
    Source: American Journal of Botany. 96(12): 2224-2233
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: Download Publication  (791.0 KB)

    Description

    Knowledge of population genetic structure of tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflorus) is of interest to pathologists seeking natural variation in resistance to sudden oak death disease, to resource managers who need indications of conservation priorities in this species now threatened by the introduced pathogen (Phytophthora ramorum), and to biologists with interests in demographic processes that have shaped plant populations. We investigated population genetic structure using nuclear and chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) and inferred the effects of past population demographic processes and contemporary gene flow. Our cpDNA results revealed a strong pattern of differentiation of four regional groups (coastal California, southern Oregon, Klamath mountains, and Sierra Nevada). The chloroplast haplotype phylogeny suggests relatively deep divergence of Sierra Nevada and Klamath populations from those of coastal California and southern Oregon. A widespread coastal California haplotype may have resulted from multiple refugial sites during the Last Glacial Maximum or from rapid recolonization from few refugia. Analysis of nuclear microsatellites suggests two major groups: (1) central coastal California and (2) Sierra Nevada/Klamath/southern Oregon and an area of admixture in north coastal California. The low level of nuclear differentiation is likely to be due to pollen gene fl ow among populations during postglacial range expansion.

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    Citation

    Nettel, A.; Dodd, R. S.; Afzal-Rafii, Z. 2009. Genetic diversity, structure, and demographic change in tanoak, Lithocarpus densiflorus (Fagaceae), the most susceptible species to sudden oak death in California. American Journal of Botany. 96(12): 2224-2233.

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    Keywords

    California forest, conservation, Fagaceae, Lithocarpus densiflorus, microsatellites, phylogeography, Phytophthora ramorum, sudden oak death (SOD), tanoak

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