Status of biological control of banana poka, P. mollissima (aka P. tarminiana) in HawaiiAuthor(s): R. D. Friesen; C. E. Causton; G. P. Markin
Source: In: Julien, M. H.; Sforza, R.; Bon, M. C.; Evans, H. C.; Hatcher, P. E.; Hinz, H. L.; Rector, B. G., eds. Proceedings of the XII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 669-675.
Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (330.0 KB)
Surveys were conducted between 1982 and 1995 on banana poka, Passiflora mollissima Bailey (also known as P. tarminiana, subgenus Tacsonia) and related species in the Andes Mountains of South America. The objective was to identify potential biocontrol agents for control of banana poka in Hawaii, USA. Host-related insect diversity was greatest in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela, and poorest in Bolivia and Chile. Insect species observed represented eight orders, 35 families and approximately 67 species. Fifteen species were evaluated as potential biocontrol agents, of which five received in-depth testing. Two moths, Cyanotrica necyria Felder and Rogenhofer (Lepidoptera; Notodontidae) and Pyrausta perelegans Hampson (Lepidoptera; Pyralidae), were approved and released in Hawaii in 1988 and 1991, respectively; however, C. necyria did not establish and Pyr. perelegans established but has had negligible impact. A third moth, Josia fluonia Druce, J. ligata group (Lepidoptera; Notodontidae), had been approved for release and two flies, Dasiops caustonae Norrbom and McAlpine (Diptera; Lonchaeidae) and Zapriothrica nr. salebrosa Wheeler (Diptera; Drosophilidae), were undergoing final evaluation when the programme was terminated. A pathogen, Septoria passiflorae Syd., was released in 1996, with mixed results. Banana poka remains a serious weed pest in Hawaii.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
Friesen, R. D.; Causton, C. E.; Markin, G. P. 2008. Status of biological control of banana poka, P. mollissima (aka P. tarminiana) in Hawaii. In: Julien, M. H.; Sforza, R.; Bon, M. C.; Evans, H. C.; Hatcher, P. E.; Hinz, H. L.; Rector, B. G., eds. Proceedings of the XII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 669-675.
Keywordsforeign exploration, South America, Passiflora tripartita, Passiflora tarminiana, weed biological control
- Biological Control of Introduced Weeds of Native Hawaiian Forests
- Mass and nutrient dynamics of decaying litter from Passiflora mollissima and selected native species in a Hawaiian montane rain forest
- Disturbance during logging stimulates regeneration of koa
XML: View XML