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    Global interest in bioenergy development has increased dramatically in recent years, due to its promise to reduce dependence on fossil fuel energy supplies, its contribution to global and national energy security, its potential to produce a carbon negative or neutral fuel source and to mitigate climate change, and its potential as a vehicle for rural development. However, a number of societal concerns about bioenergy have been identified, including deforestation and landscape fragmentation, loss of biodiversity, depletion of soil and water resources, introduction of invasive and/or genetically modified species, competition with food crops, high levels of required subsidies, and potentially inequitable distribution 0f risks and benefits associated with biofuels. Bioenergy's promises of renewability, net energy gain, and reductions in emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants have also been questioned. Several studies reveal the complexity of public perceptions ofbiofuels and landowners' willingness to manage their forests and cropland specifically for biofuel markets (Delshad 2010; Plate et al. 2010; Selfa 2010; Susaeta 2010).

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    Brosius, J. Peter; Schelhas, John; Hitchner, Sarah. 2013. Social acceptability of bioenergy in the U.S. south. In: New Crops: Bioenergy, Biomaterials, and Sustainability. In:Proceedings of the Joint Annual Meeting of the Association for the Advancement of Industrial Crops and the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, edited by Jules Janick, Annna Whipkey, and Von Mark Cruz. Washington, D.C.: October 12-16, 2013, pp. 353-366.

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