Research Paper (RP)
Topics discussed include: (1) cutting methods, (2) stand structure goals, which involve choosing a residual stocking level, selecting a maximum tree size, and establishing a diameter distribution using the "q" technique, and (3) harvesting and removal of trees. Examples illustrate how to determine realistic stand structures for the initial entry for specific stand conditions, and management and silvicultural constraints.
Alexander, Robert R.; Edminster, Carleton B. 1977. Uneven-aged management of old-growth spruce-fir forests: Cutting methods and stand structure goals for the initial entry. Res. Pap. RM-RP-186. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 12 p.