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Atmospheric deposition of nitrogen, sulfur and base cations in jack pine stands in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region, Alberta, CanadaAuthor(s): Mark Fenn; Andrzej Bytnerowicz; Susan Schilling; C.S. Ross
Source: Environmental Pollution. 196: 497-510
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
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DescriptionAtmospheric deposition in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region decreased exponentially with distance from the industrial center. Throughfall deposition (kg ha−1 yr−1) of NH4–N (.8–14.7) was double that of NO3–N (.3–6.7), while SO4–S ranged from 2.5 to 23.7. Gaseous pollutants (NO2, HNO3, NH3, SO2) are important drivers of atmospheric deposition but weak correlations between gaseous pollutants and deposition suggest that particulate deposition is also important. The deposition (eq ha−1) of base cations (Ca + Mg + Na) across the sampling network was highly similar to N + S deposition, suggesting that acidic deposition is neutralized by base cation deposition and that eutrophication impacts from excess N may be of greater concern than acidification. Emissions from a large forest fire in summer 2011 were most prominently reflected in increased concentrations of HNO3 and throughfall deposition of SO4–S at some sites. Deposition of NO3–N also increased as did NH4–N deposition to a lesser degree.
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CitationFenn, M.E.; Bytnerowicz, A.; Schilling, S.L.; Ross, C.S. 2015. Atmospheric deposition of nitrogen, sulfur and base cations in jack pine stands in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region, Alberta, Canada. Environmental Pollution, 196: 497-510.
KeywordsBoreal forests, Fossil fuel extraction, Fire emissions, Atmospheric deposition gradient, Ion exchange resin samplers
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