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    Description

    Cellulose nanomaterials have a number of interesting and unique properties that make them well-suited for use in electronics applications such as energy harvesting devices, actuators and sensors. Cellulose nanofibrils and nanocrystals have good mechanical properties, high transparency, and low coefficient of thermal expansion, among other properties that facilitate both active and inactive roles in electronics and related devices. For example, these nanomaterials have been demonstrated to operate as substrates for flexible electronics and displays, to improve the efficiency of photovoltaics, to work as a component of magnetostrictive composites and to act as a suitable lithium ion battery separator membrane. A discussion and overview of additional potential applications is provided in this article. The concept of using cellulose nanofibrils in stimuli-responsive materials is illustrated with highlights and preliminary results from magnetostrictive nanocellulose membranes actuated using magnetic fields.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Sabo, Ronald; Yermakov, Aleksey; Law, Chiu Tai; Elhajjar, Rani. 2016. Nanocellulose-enabled electronics, energy harvesting devices, smart materials and sensors: a review. Journal of Renewable Materials. 4(5): 297-312.

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    Keywords

    Cellulose nanofibrils, cellulose nanocrystals, flexible electronics, photovoltaics, batteries, magnetostrictive composites

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/53611