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Modulus of elasticity loss as a rapid indicator of rot-fungal attack on untreated and preservative-treated wood in laboratory tests

Author(s):

Xingxia Ma
Mingliang Jiang
Haibin Zhou

Year:

2017

Publication type:

Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Primary Station(s):

Forest Products Laboratory

Source:

BioResources 12(1):1850-1860

Description

The modulus of elasticity (MOE) of wood is a sensitive indicator of rotfungal attack. To develop an alternative method of rapid assessment of fungal decay in the laboratory, changes in static MOE of untreated and preservative-treated wood were measured during exposure to the brownrot fungus, Gloeophyllum trabeum, and the white-rot fungus, Trametes versicolor, in a standard soil bottle assay. Static MOE loss was compared with mass loss. The results showed that the MOE of wood was a sensitive and reliable indicator of rot-fungal attack, regardless of fungus or wood species. The MOE analysis of untreated wood reduced the 12- to 16-week exposure time necessary for the standard mass loss measurement to four weeks. Also, the exposure time for preservative-treated wood was reduced to eight weeks. Untreated wood was determined to be susceptible to decay if the MOE loss was 40% or more after a four-week exposure, while treated wood was considered susceptible to decay if the MOE loss was 40% or more after an eight-week exposure.

Citation

Ma, Xingxia; Kirker, Grant T.; Clausen, Carol A.; Jiang, Mingliang; Zhou, Haibin. 2017. Modulus of elasticity loss as a rapid indicator of rot-fungal attack on untreated and preservative-treated wood in laboratory tests. BioResources. 12(1): 1850-1860.

Cited

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/53721