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    Author(s): Felix Ponder; John M. KabrickMary Beth AdamsDeborah S. Page-Dumroese; Marty F. Jurgensen
    Date: 2017
    Source: In: Kabrick, John M.; Dey, Daniel C.; Knapp, Benjamin O.; Larsen, David R.; Shifley, Stephen R.; Stelzer, Henry E., eds. Proceedings of the 20th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2016 March 28-April 1; Columbia, MO. General Technical Report NRS-P-167. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 45-57.
    Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (800.0 KB)

    Description

    Mass loss and nutrient concentrations of northern red oak (Quercus rubra) and white oak (Q. alba) wood stakes were measured 30 months after their burial in the upper 10 cm of soil in a regenerating forest after harvesting and soil disturbance. Disturbance treatments were two levels of organic matter (OM) removal (only merchantable logs removed or removal of all woody material plus forest floor) with two levels of soil compaction (C), not compacted and severely compacted. Treatments were arranged in a factorial design with each treatment plot split with and without vegetation control (VC). The VC treatment increased the northern red oak stake decomposition by 32 percent and increased nitrogen and sulfur concentrations in northern red oak and white oak stakes. The VC treatment also increased phosphorus and calcium concentrations in white oak stakes, even though decomposition of these stakes was nominal and not statistically significant. Findings suggest that postharvesting efforts to reduce competition during forest regeneration will have a greater impact on belowground woody debris decomposition and nutrient availability than do OM removal and C in xeric, low fertility oak-hickory and oak-pine ecosystems in the Central Hardwood region.

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    Citation

    Ponder, Felix, Jr.; Kabrick, John M.; Adams, Mary Beth; Page-Dumroese, Deborah S.; Jurgensen, Marty F. 2017. Mass loss and nutrient concentrations of buried wood as a function of organic matter removal, soil compaction, and vegetation control in a regenerating oak-pine forest. In: Kabrick, John M.; Dey, Daniel C.; Knapp, Benjamin O.; Larsen, David R.; Shifley, Stephen R.; Stelzer, Henry E., eds. Proceedings of the 20th Central Hardwood Forest Conference; 2016 March 28-April 1; Columbia, MO. General Technical Report NRS-P-167. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 45-57.

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