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    Author(s): Nancy Grulke; W. Dobrowolski; P. Mingus; M.E. Fenn
    Date: 2005
    Source: Environmental Pollution. 137(3): 536-545.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (410.0 KB)


    In a nitrogen (N) saturated forest downwind from Los Angeles, California, the cumulative response to long-term background-N and N-amendment on black oak (Quercus kelloggii) was described in a below-average and average precipitation year. Monthly measurements of leaf and branch growth, gas exchange, and canopy health attributes were conducted. The effects of both pollutant exposure and drought stress were complex due to whole tree and leaf level responses, and shade versus full sun leaf responses. N-amended trees had lower late summer carbon (C) gain and greater foliar chlorosis in the drought year. Leaf water use efficiency was lower in N-amended trees in midsummer of the average precipitation year, and there was evidence of poor stomatal control in full sun. In shade, N-amendment enhanced stomatal control. Small differences in instantaneous C uptake in full sun, lower foliar respiration, and greater C gain in low light contributed to the greater aboveground growth observed.

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    Grulke, N.E.; Dobrowolski, W.; Mingus, P.; Fenn, M.E. 2005.California black oak response to nitrogen amendment at a high O3, nitrogen-saturated site. Environmental Pollution. 137(3): 536-545.


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    Quercus kelloggii, gas exchange, growth, water use efficiency, nitrogen fertilization, stomatal behavior.

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