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Stomata open at night in pole-sized and mature ponderosa pine: implications for O3 exposure metricsAuthor(s): Nancy Grulke; R. Alonso; T. Nguyen; C. Cascio; W. Dobrowolski
Source: Tree Physiology. 24(9): 1001-1010.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
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DescriptionPonderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. exLaws.) is widely distributed in the western USA.We report the lack of stomatal closure at night in early summer for ponderosa pine at two of three sites investigated. Trees at a third site with lower nitrogen dioxide and nitric acid exposure, but greater drought stress, had slightly open stomata at night in early summer but closed stomata at night for the rest of the summer. The three sites had similar background ozone exposure during the summer of measurement (2001). Nighttime stomatal conductance (gs) ranged from one tenth to one fifth that of maximum daytime values. In general, pole-sized trees (< 40 years old) had greater nighttime gs than mature trees (> 250 years old). In late summer, nighttime gs was low (< 3.0 mmol H2O m–2 s–1) for both tree size classes at all sites. Measurable nighttime gs has also been reported in other conifers, but the values we observed were higher. In June, nighttime ozone (O3) uptake accounted for 9, 5 and 3% of the total daily O3 uptake of pole-sized trees from west to east across the San Bernardino Mountains. In late summer, O3 uptake at night was < 2% of diel uptake at all sites. Nocturnal O3 uptake may contribute to greater oxidant injury development, especially in pole-sized trees in early summer.
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CitationGrulke, N. E.; Alonso, R.; Nguyen, T.; Cascio, C.; Dobrowolski, W. 2004. Stomata open at night in pole-sized and mature ponderosa pine: implications for O3 exposure metrics. Tree Physiology. 24(9): 1001-1010.
KeywordsOzone exposure, nighttime opening, stomatal conductance.
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